Formed around 627AD by Monk Paulinus, the first Archbishop of York.
Dewsbury derives from Dewi's Burh, meaning "David's fortification".
The town thrived in the Industrial Revolution - making blanket and miliary uniforms from discarded cloth known as "shoddy and mungo".
Dewsbury men Sergeant William Ormsby and Private Horace Walker were awarded the Victoria Cross.
The town is famous for its Wednesday and Saturday markets, with more than 300 stalls.
Greg Rusedski was able to play tennis for Great Britain because his mother was born in Dewsbury.
Actor Patrick Stewart was born in nearby Mirfield. He worked for a very brief period as a journalist for the town's local newspaper the Dewsbury Reporter.
Wallace Hartley, bandmaster on the RMS Titanic when it sank in 1912, lived in Dewsbury.
Dewsbury is referenced in the Beatles' 1967 film Magical Mystery Tour.
The town has the only Minster church in West Yorkshire.
The Reverend Patrick Bronte, the father of Anne, Charlotte and Emily Bronte, was rector of Dewsbury parish church from 1809 to 1811.